KIA Motors is a South Korean machine builder that develops, manufactures and markets commercial vehicles: small and medium-duty trucks, as well as buses of various classes ... The products of this company can boast of reliability, modern design and relatively affordable prices, and are sold in many countries of the world ... The history of this manufacturer began in 1944, but the first commercial vehicle was produced only in 1962 (a small three-wheeled truck "K-360") ... Currently, commercial vehicles "KIA" are in steady demand in many world markets.
The first generation of KIA Bongo was introduced in 1980. Back then, the trucks had round optics, which set them apart from competitors, which already used stylish square lights. Most of the machines produced were equipped with a power plant with a working volume of 2.2 liters. The maximum output power of this motor reached 70 horsepower.
In 1989, the manufacturer introduced the second generation. In the domestic market, the new truck was known under the name KIA Bongo Wide, and for everyone else it was also simply Bongo. The platform used proved to be quite excellent on a truck, and therefore it later began to be used also for minivans and covered cargo vans. In 1992, the lineup was replenished with new versions that have power plants with a displacement of 2.7 liters under the hood. These modifications were mainly exported, where they were assigned the K2400 and K2700 markings.
The third generation KIA Bongo hit the market in 1997. For the modification with the full name KIA Bongo Frontier, a platform from the Kia Pregio model was used. As for the power plant, the manufacturer provided two motors for the new generation, namely:
JS with a displacement of 2.7 liters and a maximum output of 80 horsepower;
JT with a displacement of 3.0 liters and a maximum output of 90 horsepower.
In 2000, a small restyling was carried out for the third generation, as a result of which the car received a modified radiator grille.
In 1997, serial production of this car was also launched at the AVTOTOR plant located in Kaliningrad. Versions with markings K2700, K3000 and K3600 were produced here. It is worth noting that the numbers in the marking indicate the displacement of the engine. So, these models have engines with a volume of 2.7, 3.0 and 3.6 liters. But in addition to this, various modifications were also assembled here, having either a double or a single cabin.
In 2003, the automobile company KIA was forced to revise its range of trucks. This was due to the preparation of more stringent environmental measures related to vehicles. As a result, the new trucks were named KIA Bongo III. These versions were already distinguished by more environmentally friendly engines.
For small transport companies and individual entrepreneurs, this truck has become a very good option. In addition to good performance, the trucks are equipped with diesel engines with the CommonRail electronic fuel system. As for the environmental friendliness itself, the units used are in accordance with the high world standards of Euro-5.
The cab of this truck is available in several versions. Basically, these modifications differ in overall dimensions. Any of the offered configurations has a multifunctional universal chassis on which various superstructures can be installed.
As for the configurations themselves, the line consists of:
Standard cabin. It is the basic version of the truck with a cab with one row of seats;
Super Cabin. It is a slightly extended version of the previous configuration. There is a small space behind the seats, which can be used to store any things and tools;
Double Cabin. This version is equipped with two rows of seats and an additional pair of doors. The cabin can accommodate up to 6 people.
In addition to cabins, the manufacturer also offers consumers various body options. So, KIA Bongo can be equipped with a curtain sided platform, a rigid frame van, a refrigerator box, and a dump body with three-way unloading.
For the new generation of the truck, different types of power units were provided. The most widespread among all were the versions equipped with a D4CB turbodiesel engine and an atmospheric diesel J2. Both engines are in-house developments of the Korean manufacturer.
The atmospheric diesel power unit KIA J2 came out more economical than the previous version. Here, the engine consumes an average of 9.9 liters per 100 kilometers of travel, which is quite excellent for a truck. With a displacement of 4.7 liters, this engine is capable of developing a maximum output power of 80 horsepower, which is significantly lower than that of the KIA D4CB. It also differs from it in terms of environmental friendliness. KIA J2 complies with Euro-2 requirements.
Any of the installed engines can be equipped with either a five-speed or six-speed manual transmission. As for the drive, there are also two options, namely rear and plug-in full. The presence of a downshift and a blocking of the interwheel differential significantly increases the permeability of the model. Installed gearboxes have a single-plate dry clutch.
The braking system of this truck has two circuits and a vacuum servo booster. Disc brakes are installed on the front wheels, classic drum brakes on the rear ones.