First Automobile Works (FAW) (No. 1 Automobile Plant) is a Chinese state-owned automobile manufacturer. In China, since July 15, 1953, the automotive industry has been leading its history. And it all started with the fact that on December 16, 1949, the Chinese delegation, whose chairman was Mao Zedong, visited the USSR. During the foreign business trip, the Chinese delegation was impressed by the Soviet auto industry. They did not believe that in the post-war period, in a short period of time, it was possible to “get up off our knees”. And inspired by the achievements of the Soviet Union on February 14, 1950, an international treaty was signed between the two communist countries on friendship and mutual assistance. In particular, there were clauses in the agreement that obliged the Soviet side to provide assistance in the construction of China's first modern factory for the production of trucks at that time.
Thus, in April 1950, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued a regulation on the creation of the first automobile company in Changchun and approved a three-year development plan. In English, the name of the company sounded like this: "First Automotive Works", that is, abbreviated "FAW". At the moment, a company with a 50-year history has the following name: China FAW Group Corporation, but the first abbreviated name was firmly entrenched in it, and it is still valid today.
Mao Zedong himself laid the foundation stone in the construction of the car factory and now this date is considered the beginning of the history of the Chinese car industry. The Soviet Union provided the most possible assistance in the construction of the plant, training of specialists and the exchange of production technologies and the supply of spare parts and materials. To create the buildings of the plant, the engineering troops of the Chinese army were mobilized. And now on June 2, 1955, one of the workshops produced the first batch of parts for cars. And on July 13, 1956 (almost a month later) a truck rolled off the assembly line, which at that time was based on the Soviet ZIS, named by the
Chinese manufacturer "Jiefang", which means "liberation." The truck had a carrying capacity of 4 tons and delighted the Chinese people. Since every member of society saw that China can become independent, as well as create modern tools and means of transportation on its own. On October 15, 1956, FAW was officially inaugurated with a special ceremony. The plant's capacity was small, only 30,000 trucks per year. The first director of the first automobile plant was Zhao Bin, who planned the development of not only the plant, but the entire automotive industry. He indicated the priorities and directions of development. Perhaps that is why the car plant did not strengthen its position only in trucks, and after a while "switched" to the production of passenger cars "Dong Feng", which means "east wind" and "Hong Qi", that is, "red flag". But the market turned its back and the release of new products did not affect the market share in the passenger car segment, although a lot of economic and managerial resources were spent. In 1960, good planning of the economy led to the fact that the company reached a high level of sales and by 1978 increased its production capacity from 30,000 to 60,000 units per year.
Thus, starting with the release of several car models, today FAW has become a huge concern. The model range of the concern includes dump trucks, trucks, tractors, cars, buses, mini-trucks, SUVs, pickups and tractors. The management does not stop at the achieved success and cooperates with such giants of the automotive industry as Volkswagen and Toyota. This close collaboration began in 1988 and in 2001 FAW established the following car factories - FAW Passenger Car Company and FAW-Volkswagen Automobile Co., Ltd. As you can see, the joint work has led to such transnational and globally recognized brands and brands as VW Golf, Jetta, Bora, Audi A4 and A6, Toyota LandCruiser, Mazda 6. These actions in the modern period allowed us to enter the world car market and hold positions on it, each time increasing production capacity and improving product safety.
The trademark and emblem of the Chinese automaker FAW is known in more than 70 countries and was approved as such on January 1, 1964. The emblem designers indicate that this logo contains a hawk that spreads its wings and flies through the clear blue sky. Thus, in its globally recognizable emblem, the meaning and name of the pride of the automotive industry in China is enclosed.